The label of radical Islamic terrorism has become a political football, even in the wake of the attack in Orlando that left 50 people dead. Regardless of political posturing, 91 Americans have been killed in the United States by perpetrators motivated by radicalized Islamic beliefs since Obama assumed the office of the Presidency.
Here is a grim history of the last seven years of Islamist attacks of American soil.
1. Little Rock, Arkansas (2009)
The victims: 1 U.S. soldier killed, 1 injured
The killer: Born Carlos Bledsoe in Tennessee, Abdulhakim Mujahid Muhammad converted to Islam as a teenager. He shot and killed a soldier outside a recruiting center. Reportedly, Muhammad was angry about the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and how the United States had treated Muslims.
2. Ft. Hood, Texas (2009)
The victims: 12 were killed and 31 were wounded. The victims were all military personnel, except for 2 civilians.
The killer: Major Nidal Hasan, an Army psychiatrist, opened fire inside the medical center at Ft. Hood. He was reportedly upset about an upcoming deployment to Iraq. Later, in 2014, Hasan petitioned to become a citizen of the Islamic State.
3. Boston, Massachusetts (2013)
The victims: 3 people were killed, including a young child. More than 100 people were injured, some requiring limb amputations.
The killers: Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev were brothers. By all accounts, Dzhokhar was an average American college student before falling under the influence of his older brother, Tamerlan, and becoming radicalized. Tamerlan was shot by police and Dzhokhar was found after a massive manhunt. He was sentenced to death and is currently in prison.
4. Richmond, California (2013)
The victim: Daniel Stone, a hardware store employee.
The killer: Daymond Agnew, a 34-year-old California resident. Agnew entered the hardware store and spray painted his face before stabbing Stone 17 times. He claimed that Allah had told him to do it.
5. Seattle, Washington and West Orange, New Jersey (2014)
The victims: Brendan Tevlin, who was shot at a traffic light. Ahmed Said and Dwone Anderson-Young, gay men who were lured from a club and shot. Leroy Henderson, also shot dead.
The killer: Ali Muhammad Brown, the killer of 4 men in 2 states, is a self-proclaimed ISIS supporter. He was the first person to be charged under New Jersey’s 9/11 terror laws. He explained the killings as retribution for Muslim deaths in the Middle East.
6. Moore, Oklahoma (2014)
The victim: Colleen Hufford was decapitated at the food plant where she worked.
The killer: Alton Nolen converted to Islam and filled his Facebook feed with angry statements about Americans, women, and Judgement Day.
The victim: John Bailey Clark was robbed, shot, and buried in a shallow grave near his home.
The killer: Teenager and ISIS supporter Justin Sullivan murdered and robbed his 74-year-old neighbor. He hoped to use the stolen money to purchase an assault rifle and carry out more attacks.
8. Chattanooga, Tennessee (2015)
The victims: 5 U.S. service members were killed, 4 Marines and a Navy officer.
The killer: Mohammad Youssuf Abdulazeez opened fire at a recruitment center in a strip mall before driving to a Naval support center to continue his rampage.
9. San Bernardino, California (2015)
The victims: 14 people were killed and 22 injured while they enjoyed a county employees’ holiday party.
The killers: Couple Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik assembled an arsenal of weapons and plotted for almost a year before they were married. Farouk was an American, Malik was from Pakistan. Both were shot dead by police.
10. Orlando, Florida (2016)
The victims: 49 people were killed and 53 more were injured at a popular LGBT nightclub in Orlando. The club was hosting a Latin night.
The killer: Omar Mateen was born in the U.S. to Afghan parents. Family and acquaintances say he didn’t seem particularly devout, but his father claims he was enraged by the sight of two men kissing. Mateen was killed by police. His attack was the deadliest mass shooting in American history.